How to Select the Best Nursing Home for Your Loved One

As the population in the United States continues to age, it is estimated that there will be 19 million Americans over the age of 85 by the year 2050. Currently, 1 in 8 Americans resides in a long-term care facility or nursing home. This doesn’t even factor in the number of people who need short-term stays in nursing homes for rehabilitation or following medical procedures or injuries.

The choice of a nursing home is an important one. In 2002 the New York Times reported that Federal studies showed that nearly 90% of nursing homes were understaffed and lacked the capabilities to handle the number of patients in their facilities. Since this 2002 study, many facilities still remain vastly understaffed.

Additionally, sadly, nursing home abuse and neglect is more common than one might think. From unwitnessed falls, dehydration, and malnutrition, to pressure ulcers, nursing homes without adequate and well-trained staff cause serious injuries or even death for residents each year.

When selecting a nursing home it is vitally important to do your due diligence and learn as much as you can about the facility. By asking the right questions and making the right observations you can ensure that you are placing your loved one in the right facility for them.

The Alzheimer’s Association recommends asking some of the following questions to learn about how the facility will care for your loved one:

Questions about the Facility and Staff

Before entering the building, take notes of the surrounding neighborhood, the facilities, landscaping, and building itself. Is it clean and well kept? Is it in a nice part of town? Pay attention to the noise level, if the halls and common areas are well lit and if the facility appears clean and well kept. Notice how many nurses and staff members are working, how they interact with residents and if they are friendly, attentive and knowledgeable.

Be sure to ask:

·     How many beds do you have?

·     What are visiting hours?

·     How many nurses or staff members are working on each shift?

·     How many of those nurses or staff be caring for my loved one?

·     Do you offer transportation to doctor’s offices or other appointments, or are those appointments handled on site?

·     How many adverse events have you had in the past 3 years related to falls, pressure ulcers, dehydration or malnutrition?

·     Are the exterior doors locked?

·     Are there written materials that you can provide which explain the types of care provided?

Questions about Resident Rooms

Notice whether the rooms are attractive, well lit, clean and welcoming. Are there windows? Does the room have a private bathroom? Is it a shared room or will your loved one be in a private room?

Be Sure to Ask:

·     What safety precautions are in the room to prevent falls or other injuries?

·     Does the room have a working call button to call nurses or staff?

·     How often are nurses or staff coming into the room to check on my loved one?

·     If they need help with daily activities, such as getting in and out of bed or getting to and from the toilet, how do they get assistance?

·     What do they do if there is not assistance available when they need it?

Questions about Resident Care

Pay attention to where the dining room in the facility is, how far it is from your loved one’s room and what time meals are served. Observe other residents. Do they seem clean and well cared for, or are they unkempt?

Be Sure to Ask:

·     How often will my loved one get a shower?

·     What time are meals served and who will take my loved one to eat?

·     Will my loved one get assistance eating and drinking, if they need it?

·     Can my loved one take a bath, instead of a shower, if they prefer?

·     Can they dress in the clothing of their choice?

·     Will they receive help brushing teeth, shaving and with other necessary hygiene?

Questions about Staff

The staff members at the facility are the ones who will be providing care to your loved one. Pay close attention to how they interact with residents and how quickly they respond to requests from residents. Staff members should know the residents by name, be respectful and friendly and should always be prepared to assist residents in need.

Be Sure to Ask:

·     Do you have a full-time social worker on staff?

·     Are there skilled rehabilitation therapists on staff?

·     How many doctors and nurses are on staff?

·     What type of staffing pattern do you use? How long are shifts?

·     How often does a doctor check on my loved one?

·     Can the doctor be reached at all times?

·     What types of training does the staff receive? Who trains them and how often do they get updated training?

The choice of a nursing home or long-term care facility is an important one. You want to ensure that your loved one is getting the best, highest quality care, is treated with kindness and dignity and is never neglected or overlooked. By asking the right questions and properly vetting the nursing home and its staff you can make sure your loved one is in good hands.hospice-1821429_1920.jpg

Independence Day Safety Tips for a Fun & Safe Fourth of July Holiday

It’s time for Fourth of July celebrations – fireworks, a backyard barbecue, maybe a trip to the beach. Whatever you have planned, I want to make sure you have a safe and enjoyable holiday.

Here are a few safety tips that can help keep Independence Day fun and safe for everyone.

The safest way to enjoy fireworks is to attend a public fireworks show put on by professionals. Stay at least 500 feet away from the show. If you are setting fireworks off at home, follow these safety steps:

  • Never give fireworks to small children, and always follow the instructions on the packaging.
  • Keep a supply of water close by as a precaution.
  • Make sure the person lighting fireworks always wears eye protection.
  • Light only one firework at a time and never attempt to relight “a dud.”
  • Store fireworks in a cool, dry place away from children and pets.
  • Never throw or point a firework toward people, animals, vehicles, structures or flammable materials.
  • Leave any area immediately where untrained amateurs are using fireworks.

Every year people in this country are injured while using backyard charcoal or gas grills. Follow these steps to safely cook up treats for the backyard barbecue:

  • Always supervise a barbecue grill when in use.
  • Never grill indoors – not in your house, camper, tent, or any enclosed area.
  • Make sure everyone, including the pets, stays away from the grill when it is open. Keep the lid closed when cooking if possible.
  • Keep the grill out in the open, away from the house, the deck, tree branches, or anything that could catch fire.
  • Use the long-handled tools specially made for cooking on the grill to keep the chef safe.
  • Never add charcoal starter fluid when coals have already been ignited.
  • Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using grills.

Whether you’re headed to Lake Geneva or the beaches of Indiana or Western Michigan, make sure that you stay safe on the water. Be mindful of bad weather, rip tides and never go into the water alone. Other safety tips include:

  • Keep alert for local weather conditions. Check to see if any warning signs or flags are posted. Red flags mean stay out of the water.
  • Swim sober and always swim with a buddy.
  • Have young children and inexperienced swimmers wear a Coast Guard-approved life jacket.
  • Protect your neck – never dive into water headfirst. Walk carefully into open waters.
  • Keep a close eye and constant attention on children and adults while at the beach. Waves and rip tides can cause someone to lose their footing, even in shallow water.
  • Watch out for aquatic life. Water plants and animals may be dangerous. Avoid patches of plants and leave animals alone.

Rip currents are responsible for deaths on our nation’s beaches every year, and for most of the rescues performed by lifeguards. Any beach with breaking waves may have rip currents. These currents are common in Lake Michigan. Be aware of the danger of rip currents and remember the following:

  • If someone is caught in a rip current, swim parallel to the shore until out of the current. Once free, they should turn and swim toward shore. If they can’t swim to the shore, they should float or tread water until free of the rip current and then head toward shore.
  • Stay at least 100 feet away from piers and jetties. Permanent rip currents often exist near these structures.

Limit exposure to direct sunlight between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., and wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a protection factor of at least 15. Reapply sunscreen often. Remember to drink plenty of water regularly, even if not thirsty. Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine in them, as they tend to dehydrate you, making sunburn more likely. Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses that will absorb 100 percent of UV sunlight. Protect the feet – the sand can burn them and glass and other sharp objects can cut them.

During hot weather, watch for signs of heat stroke—hot, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse; rapid, shallow breathing. If it’s suspected someone is suffering from heat stroke:

  • Call 911 and move the person to a cooler place.
  • Quickly cool their body by applying cool, wet cloths or towels to the skin (or misting them with water) and fanning the person.
  • Watch for signs of breathing problems and make sure their airway is clear. Keep the person lying down

The Fourth of July is a time to celebrate our freedom and our great country. Celebrating is important, but so is making sure that everyone has a safe and fun celebration. Enjoy the holiday. Happy Independence Day!

H.R. 1215 – Closing the Courthouse Doors to Victims

mederrorscausedeath12The American Association for Justice reports H.R. 1215, the massive medical malpractice bill that also applies to nursing home and drug and device cases, will be debated on the House floor next week. This is the bill that caps non-economic damages at $250,000, eliminates joint liability for economic and non-economic loss, caps attorney fees, has a restrictive statute of limitations and says that a doctor and a pharmaceutical company cannot be named in the same lawsuit.  The bill is very preemptive and applies limits regardless of the number of parties, the causes of action or the theory of liability.

Medical error is the third leading cause of death in America. Capping damages prevent victims from getting compensation for injuries that deserve compensation for. It also increases your tax burden while protecting big insurance and allowing them to profit off of malpractice.

The first thing to note is that when suing in the medical malpractice arena, you are not typically suing a doctor, nurse or healthcare professional personally. More often than not, you are suing their insurance company. The insurance companies don’t want you to know this. But it’s true.

Caps only serve to help insurance companies profit, while passing the buck to the victim or ultimately the taxpayer. Take for instance a medical malpractice case where a child will need lifetime care due to a birth injury. It could cost millions to provide care for the child over the course of the child’s life because of the malpractice. Damages caps prevent a jury from awarding more than $250,000 to cover this cost. Once the $250,000 has been spent, victims are often forced onto public aid, increasing the tax burden. This prevents insurance companies from sharing the burden of the mistakes made by those who committed malpractice. It also allows insurance companies to profit off of the malpractice committed because they know they will only have to pay small amounts for the most devastating injuries.

H.R 1215 prevents victims from getting compensated while protecting big insurance and passing the buck to taxpayers. Tell your Representative in Congress that you won’t stand for a bill that robs taxpayers to allow insurance to profit and leaves victims by the wayside.

How Long After I’m Injured Can I File My Lawsuit?

If you have been injured as a result of someone else’s negligence, there is a time limit to filing a lawsuit. These statutes of limitations in Illinois vary depending on the type of case and injury you have suffered. The statute of limitations sets the time limit you have to hire an attorney and file a lawsuit. Whether you were in an automobile accident or the victim of medical negligence, statutes of limitations in Illinois prevent you from bringing a lawsuit – even if you were hurt or wronged – after a certain time period.


The time you have depends on the type of lawsuit you want to file. The three most common types of statutes of limitations we encounter at The Collins Law Firm involve negligence, products liability, and wrongful death lawsuits.


  • Negligence cases involve personal injuries and/or property damage caused by someone else’s failure to use reasonable care.
  • You have two years to file a lawsuit for personal injury claims.
  • For property claims, you have five years to file suit.
  • The statute of limitations begins to run on the date the injury occurs.


  • Products liability cases are cases involving dangerous or defective products which have caused either personal injuries or property damage. These cases can range from toxic products like asbestos to dangerous drugs.
  • Typically, you must file your products liability action within two years.
  • The “discovery rule” allows the plaintiff to commence her action within two years after the date she first knew, or should have known, of the existence of the personal
    injury, death or property damage alleged but not more than eight years after the personal injury, death or property damage occurred.
  •  Typically, the discovery rule applies in cases where the plaintiff is exposed to a harmful substance, but does not experience any ill effects until many years after they were exposed.
  • Illinois’s law provides that the limitations period for certain product-related claims does not accrue until the date the plaintiff first knew, or should have known, of the injury.


  • Wrongful death cases arise when the negligence of others has caused death.
  • The estate of the person who has died can file the lawsuit before „„the expiration of the limitations period for the underlying claim (i.e. 2 years for personal injuries); or within „„one year from the date of the decedent’s death.
  • The statute of limitations begins to run on the date of death.
  • There is a one year statute of limitations „„for survival claims.


This is a common question that we are asked by our clients so we have made a list of essential steps to take when you have been injured:

  • If you are injured Call 911 or seek immediate medical attention;
  • If the police are at the scene explain to them in detail what happened;
  • If you are in a place of business or a hospital, ask that an incident report be prepared;
  • If possible, you or someone with you should take photographs of your injuries and any vehicles or conditions that caused your injury;
  • If you are at work, immediately inform your supervisor and/or co-worker of your injury and how you were injured;
  • Call John Risvold at 630-527-1595 immediately;
  • Once you have been released from the hospital, you should follow-up with your primary caregiver and follow all of their instructions;
  • You should keep track of your medical treatment, we will provide you with a log to make this task easier;
  • Do not make any statements to any insurance companies without speaking to one of our trial lawyers first.

John Risvold Joins The Collins Law Firm P.C.

aZ0gPvpFJohn Risvold joined The Collins Law Firm in 2017 as an associate trial lawyer. As a trial lawyer, John handles personal injury, medical negligence, wrongful death, environmental and other catastrophic injury cases. John works exclusively for victims and consumers to ensure they get the justice they deserve.

He has tried cases to verdict in the Chicago area and taken depositions throughout the country. Prior to joining The Collins Law Firm, John worked on both the defense and plaintiff’s side, giving him a unique insight into how cases are handled by defense firms.

A graduate of the University of Missouri, John received his Juris Doctorate from the University of Missouri School of Law. While at Mizzou, John was recognized as one of the school’s top trial advocates, receiving the R. David Ray Excellence in Trial Advocacy Award and CALI Award for best Trial Advocate. He graduated Order of Barristers, a distinction which is given to the 10 attorneys in each class who exhibit excellence and attain high honor through the art of courtroom advocacy.

In 2017, John was named to the Illinois Super Lawyers Rising Stars list. A distinction which recognizes 2.5% of attorneys under the age of 40 in each state.

Many of the cases John handles were referred to us by other attorneys, friends or family.

If your client or loved one has a medical malpractice, wrongful death, catastrophic injury or other personal injury matter, we welcome the opportunity to work with you to help those who have been injured.

If you need help, Contact us today to learn how we can help you. 

Signs and Symptoms of Concussion or Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Concussion?

Most people with a concussion have a good recovery from symptoms experienced at the time of the injury. But for some people, symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer. In general, recovery may be slower among older adults, young children, and teens. Those who have had a concussion in the past are also at risk of having another one and may find that it takes longer to recover if they have another concussion.


Symptoms of concussion usually fall into four categories:

Physical Emotional/
Difficulty thinking clearly Headache

Fuzzy or blurry vision

Irritability Sleeping more than usual
Feeling slowed down Nausea or vomiting
(early on)Dizziness
Sadness Sleep less than usual
Difficulty concentrating Sensitivity to noise or light

Balance problems

More emotional Trouble falling asleep
Difficulty remembering new information Feeling tired, having no energy Nervousness or anxiety

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand their problems and how the symptoms they are experiencing are impacting their daily activities.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

See Getting Better, for tips to help aid your recovery after a concussion.

When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention

Danger Signs in Adults

In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and crowd the brain against the skull. Contact your health care professional or emergency department right away if you have any of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • Headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea.
  • Slurred speech.

The people checking on you should take you to an emergency department right away if you:

  • Look very drowsy or cannot be awakened.
  • Have one pupil (the black part in the middle of the eye) larger than the other.
  • Have convulsions or seizures.
  • Cannot recognize people or places.
  • Are getting more and more confused, restless, or agitated.
  • Have unusual behavior.
  • Lose consciousness (a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously and the person should be carefully monitored).

Danger Signs in Children

Take your child to the emergency department right away if they received a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, and:

  • Have any of the danger signs for adults listed above.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.




Source: Signs and Symptoms | Concussion | Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center

Savings from ‘Tort Reform’ are Mythical – LA Times

Tort reform is the rallying cry of politicians to combat what they see as “frivolous lawsuits.” The have convinced a large portion of the public that insurance companies deserve better protections than everyday people. The Governor of Illinois has made tort reform his central reform issue, despite a mountain of research that shows tort reform simply does not work.

A new study led by Michael B. Rothberg of the Cleveland Clinic and published in the Journal of the American Medical Association aimed to measure how much defensive medicine there is, really, and how much it costs.

The researchers’ conclusion is that defensive medicine accounts for about 2.9% of healthcare spending. In other words, out of the estimated $2.7-trillion U.S. healthcare bill, defensive medicine accounts for $78 billion.

As Aaron Carroll observes at the AcademyHealth blog, $78 billion is “not chump change … but it’s still a very small component of overall health care spending.”

Any “tort reform” stringent enough to make [defensive medicine] go away would likely create other costs, such as a rise in medical mistakes generated by the elimination of the oversight exercised by the court system.

Since it doesn’t appear that “tort reform” would have any effect on this spending, Carroll says, “there seems little reason to pursue [malpractice reform] as a means to dramatically reduce health care spending in the United States.”

Therein lies the myth of tort reform. Insurance companies and the politicians they funnel campaign contributions to, have spent billions convincing you that health care costs are because of lawyers. They want to avoid the real conversation, that medical error is the third leading cause of death in America. Because of the high incident rates of medical error, insurance companies and the health care industry want to prevent you from being able to go to court and obtain justice.

Source: New study shows that the savings from ‘tort reform’ are mythical – LA Times

Study: Nearly 2 Million Children in the US Suffer Sports-Related Concussions Every Year, Many Go Untreated

Nearly 2 million children in the United States suffer sports- and recreation-related concussions (SRRCs) annually, and many of them may go untreated, according to a recent study.

Concussions, a form of traumatic brain injury (TBI), are common in children. Sports and recreation is a leading cause in minors 18 and younger, according to researchers.

Between 1.1 to 1.9 million SRRCs occur every year in children 18 and younger, researchers from the University of Washington and Seattle Children’s Research Institute and the University of Colorado say.

Three databases were used for the study that contained injury information reported to various healthcare settings, including emergency departments, inpatient and outpatient medical providers, and certified high school athletic trainers.

Source: Study: Nearly 2 Million Children in the US Suffer Sports-Related Concussions Every Year, Many Go Untreated

What To Do When Meeting With Your Attorney 

You were the victim of someone else’s negligence, you’re hurt and probably upset, you called friends or family who referred to a trial lawyer. The lawyer tells you they would like to meet and discuss your case. Now what do you do? Meeting with an attorney can be a nerve-wracking experience. Here’s a guide to the meeting.

Your Attorney Is Your Advocate

You’ve been through a traumatic experience. Your lawyer is there to learn the facts of your case and advocate for you on against the person, corporation or insurance company who wronged you. It’s important to remember that the things you tell your attorney are confidential and privileged. The attorney is your advocate to stand up for you and guide you through the legal process.

Remember, lawyers are people too. There is no reason to be nervous when meeting with your lawyer. They are on your side. We are here to help protect your rights and serve your needs, often in your greatest time of need. Asking questions, being forthcoming and listening carefully to the advice of your attorney will ensure much better results for you and your case.

Tell the whole story

Your lawyer is there to help you and fight for you. Explain your situation as clearly as possible. If you can, prepare a timeline of events in advance such as when the accident occurred and what medical treatment you received.  The lawyer will not judge you. Your lawyer is there to support you and make sure that your rights are represented. Give us the entire story, every little detail, no matter how bad you make think it is. I assure you they have seen worse. We will be able to deliver much better results the more forthcoming you are.

The more of your story we learn early on in the case, the easier it becomes to tell your story. Our job is to devise a strategy to best help you in your time of need. In order to do that, we need all the facts. Don’t hold back.

Be Prepared

To help your lawyer prepare, you must be prepared yourself. Here is a list of some of the items to bring with you when you meet with your attorney.

  • ALL your files regarding the accident
  • ALL your correspondence with or regarding insurance, doctors or the police.
  • ALL insurance policies relevant to the matter
  • E-mails & social media communications between you and any witnesses
  • You last 3 years of tax returns
  • ALL of your medical records and bills

After the Meetings

Once you have met with your lawyer and the case has begun, it’s important to remember three key things.

  1. Don’t speak to any representatives from the insurance company or the person or corporation who caused your accident
  2. Continue to seek medical care, if you need it.
  3. Remember the legal process can take time, your lawyer will keep you updated as the case progresses.



New Illinois law defines ‘stoned driving’ | Bleader | Chicago Reader

When Governor Bruce Rauner signed a new law decriminalizing marijuana possession Friday, Illinois became the 17th state to consider small possession a civil matter subject to a citation and a fine rather than a criminal offense.If you’re caught carrying more than 10 grams of marijuana (which, it seems in some photos, is a lot of marijuana), cops may issue tickets for $100 to $200. Chicago has had an ordinance decriminalizing pot possession of up to 15 grams since 2012.

Importantly, the law also stipulates that possession citations will be automatically expunged after six months.The new state statute also adds an important wrinkle to the legalization landscape by defining what it means to drive under the influence of marijuana. Drivers will be subject to DUI charges only if they have five or more nanograms of THC in their blood, or ten or more nanograms of THC in their saliva.

Source: New Illinois law defines ‘stoned driving’ | Bleader | Chicago Reader